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金属热处理的工艺方法和目的

  1.TUIHUO

  退火主要是指将材料长期暴露在高温下,然后缓慢冷却的金属热处理过程。确切地说,退火是一种材料热处理工艺,包括金属材料和非金属材料。

  TUIHUOMUDE:

  a、XIHUAJINGLI,ZENGJIALIXUEXINGNENG,WEIXIADAOGONGXUZUOHAOZHUNBEI;

  b、JIANXIAOYINGDU,ZENGJIASUXING,ZENGJIAQIEXUEHEYALIJIAGONGXINGNENG;

  c、JIANXIAOLENGREJIAGONGCHANSHENGDENEIYINGLI。

  2.ZHENGHUO

  ZHENGHUOSHIYIZHONGRECHULIGONGYI,JIANGGONGJIANJIAREDAOSHIDANGDEWENDU(AC3HUOACCM)SHANGMIAN30-50℃(JIANGANGZUZHI),BAOWENHOUZAIKONGQIZHONGLENGQUE。ZHENGHUOZHUYAOYONGYUGANGZHIJIAN。ZHENGHUOTONGCHANGYONGZUODUANJIAN、HANJIEJIANHESHENTANLINGJIANDEYURECHULIGONGYI。DUIYUDITAN、ZHONGTANJIEGOUGANGHEDIHEJINGANGXINGNENGYAOQIUJIAODIDE,YEKEZUOWEIRECHULI。DUIYUYIBANZHONGGAOHEJINGANG,KONGLENGKEDAOZHIZHENGTIHUOBUFENCUIHUO,BUNENGZUOWEIRECHULIGONGYI。

  ZHENGHUOMUDE:

  a、XIHUAJINGLI,ZENGJIALIXUEXINGNENG,WEIXIADAOGONGXUZUOHAOZHUNBEI;

  b、JIANXIAOLENGREJIAGONGCHANSHENGDENEIYINGLI;

  c、JIANXIAOYINGDU,ZENGJIASUXING,ZENGJIAQIEXUEHEYALIJIAGONGXINGNENG;

  3.CUIHUO

  CUIHUO,JINSHUHEBOLIDERECHULIGONGYI。GANGDECUIHUOSHIJIANGGANGJIAREDAOGAOYUAC3(YAGONGXIGANG)HUOAC1(GUOGONGXIGANG)DELINJIEWENDU,BINGBAOCHIYIDUANSHIJIAN,SHIZHENGTIHUOBUFENAOSHITIFASHENG1-ZHUANBIANDERECHULIGUOCHENG,RANHOUYIGAOYUMASHITI(HUOBEISHITI)XIANGBIANLINJIELENGQUESUDUDELENGQUESUDULENGQUEZHIMSYIXIA(HUOMSFUJINDENGWEN)。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,LVHEJIN、TONGHEJIN、TAIHEJIN、GANGHUABOLIDENGCAILIAODEGURONGCHULIHUOJIAOKUAILENGQUEDERECHULIGONGYIYECHENGWEICUIHUO。

  JINSHURECHULIHECUIHUODEMUDE:

  CUIHUODEMUDETONGCHANGSHIHUODEGAOYINGDUDEMASHITIZUZHI。YOUSHI,ZAICUIHUOMOUXIEGAOHEJINGANG(RUBUXIUGANG、NAIMOGANG)SHI,YAOHUODEDANYIJUNYUNDEAOSHITIZUZHI,YIZENGJINAIMOXINGHENAISHIXING。

  4.HUIHUO

  HUIHUOSHIJIANGCUIHUOGANGJIAREDAODIYUAOSHITIZHUANBIANWENDU,BINGZAIBAOCHI1ZHI2XIAOSHIHOULENGQUEDEGUOCHENG。HUIHUOTONGCHANGBANSUIZHECUIHUO,SHIRECHULIDEZUIHOUYIDAOGONGXU。HUIHUOHOUGANGDEZUZHIQUYUWENDING,CUIHUOGANGDECUIXINGJIANXIAO,RENXINGHESUXINGZENGJIA,CUIHUOYINGLIQINGCHUHUOJIANXIAO,GANGDEXINGZHUANGHECHICUNWENDING,BURANGCUIHUOLINGJIANDEBIANXINGHEKAILIE,QIEXUEXINGNENGDEDAOGAISHANYEKEYITONGGUOGAOWENHUIHUOLAIGAISHAN。

  HUIHUODEMUDE:

  a、JIANSHAOCUIHUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEBIANXINGHELIEWEN;

  b、HUODELELIANGHAODEZONGHELIXUEXINGNENG。

  c、ZENGJIAQIEGEXINGNENGHEBIAOMIANGUANGJIEDU。

  5.SHIXIAO

  SHIXIAOSHIZHIJINSHUHUOHEJINZAIMOUXIESHIJIANNEIFASHENGDEZUOYONG,ZAICHANGWENXIAJINGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANHOU,YOUYUGUOBAOHEGURONGTIDETUORONGHEJINGGEDEXICHU,JINSHUHUOHEJINDEQIANGDUZHUJIANZENGJIADEXIANXIANG

  JINSHURECHULIDESHIXIAOMUDE

  a、JIANXIAOCUIHUOHEMOXUEHOUDENEIYINGLI,WENDINGXINGZHUANGHECHICUN。

  b、CUIHUOHOUWENDINGGANGJIANJIEGOU,JIANSHAOCHUCUNHUOSHIYONGGUOCHENGZHONGDEBIANXING。